Higher Secondary Education Board (HSEB) was established in 1989 under the Higher Secondary Education Act. The Board is involved in running the 10+2 system in the country. Nepal National Commission of Education 1992 recommended the importance of the 10+2 structure in the education system and viewed it as the first step towards specialization. However, it was felt that the 10+2 structure should essentially focus on the need for addressing middle level manpower requirements and for imparting necessary knowledge and skills to those students who want to continue their education at undergraduate level.
There are altogether 1197 higher secondary schools that are affiliated to HSEB and out of them 687 are managed by communities in public schools and the rest are managed by the private schools and colleges. Objective of Higher Secondary Education are to:
Prepare students for the world of work especially in meeting middle level manpower requirements in different fields.
Prepare students for general higher education and for professional disciplines.
Prepare the youth with competitive strength required for a patriotic, disciplined and productive human resources while contributing to the shaping of one's future and outlook.
Adopt a system of greater equality in opportunities by reducing by reducing regional and ethnical disparity and promoting female participation.
Aim to produce the ambassadors of culture, who irrespective of caste, class, gender and ethnicity respect the cultures that exist in human society and the politics of plurality.
Function of Higher Secondary Education Board
The main functions are as follows:
Granting approval for + 2 schools.
Developing and revising curricula and textbook materials.
Conducting examinations and publishing results.
Awarding certificates to Higher Secondary graduates.
Supervising and monitoring Higher Secondary School programs. I
Implementing plans and programs for improving Higher Secondary Education.
Recruiting technical, professional and administrative staff.
Designing and implementing training programs for +2 school teachers and other staff.
Conducting seminars and workshops.
Undertaking research activities, which focus on various issues in this field.
Keeping liaison with various national and international institutions.