Journalism is concerned with collection and dissemination of news through the print media as well as the electronic media.It is the timely reporting of events at the local, national and international levels. Reporting involves the gathering of information through interviewing and research, which is then turned into a fair and balanced story for publication or for television or radio broadcast. Thus it is a profession that involves gathering, reporting, writing, editing, photographing and broadcasting of news. A journalist collects and disseminates information about current events, people, trends, and issues.
Journalism comes different forms:
1) News: It is further divided into Hard News (Breaking News) and Soft News (Feature stories)
2) Opinion: Opinion Journalism is divided into Editorials, Columns and Reviews.
Similarly, Journalism is classified into two on the basis of media- (i) Print Journalism and (ii) Electronic (Audio/Visual) Journalism. Print journalists can work for a wide variety of newspapers, magazines, journals and technical publications, while broadcast journalists are usually assigned to work for radio and/or television. In print journalism one can work as editor, reporter, columnist, correspondent etc whereas in electronic journalism one can be a reporter, writer, editor, researcher, correspondent or an anchor.
If you are thinking of pursuing a career in the field of journalsim, the first and foremost thing that you should have is a 'nose for news.' You should also have a keen interest in current affairs, an ability to write in a style which is easy to understand, a lively interest in meeting new people and visiting places and an ability to work under pressure to meet deadlines. You must be a group worker and be able to handle criticism. And above all, as a Journalist you must have a willingness to accept odd working hours. The uncertainty of the daily routine makes it difficult to assign time for family, personal hobbies, and any regularly scheduled plans; but those who dont like the predictability of ten-to-five jobs are attracted to journalism because "no day resembles the day before."
A candidate holding a certificate level degree or a bachelor’s degree in any discipline from a recognized university can work as a Journalist. But it is better to have the degree in Journalism. However, solely taking mass communication does not mean one can qualify as a journalist. A degree in Mass Communication and Journalism is a plus point but that dousn't guarantee you a career of a journalist; your skill and your ability counts the most. Anybody who has completed the 10+2 or the certificate level equivalent can apply for a Bachelor’s Degree in Journalism & Mass Communication. Likewise, A candidate holding a bachelor’s degree in any discipline from a recognized university can apply for admission to the Master’s in Journalism and Mass Communication.